Understanding Conservation

Introducing the theoretical basis for conservation and ecosystem services as a decision support model. conservation was originally seen as an act of protection for scenic beauty and tourism values. The culling of excess numbers of wildlife was, and is still frowned upon. Management was seen as a necessary evil and protected areas became more and more isolated in the fast changing world. Pressure from immediate surroundings increased the importance of management. Management goals and objectives had to be adjusted when conservation changed from the protection of wildlife to conservation to a form of land use, that benefits surrounding human populations. Once again various projects based on GIS as an indispensable element will be illustrated.

HOLISTIC VIEW OF FUTURE OF THE EARTH INTRODUCTION LIFE ON EARTH Based on World atlas information https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-timeline-of-the-mass-extinction-events-on-earth.html 5 mass extinction events have swept the earth in prehistoric times Monumental loss of plant and animal species This stretched from 440 million year ago to 65 million years ago The causes of these extinctions where volcanic eruptions Another cause was the impact from asteroid impacts These forces where the origin of climate change The sixth, plants and animals species are dying is…
We have become so used to the fact that man made structures can be proclaimed as historical monuments if ISIS does not destroy them. This article on the termites is fascinating. During a period of working with a mining company on developing new methods of dealing with environmental impact, through identifying ecosystem services as the measure of the environmental impact, I often used the structure and functionality of in a termite mound as en example of ecological efficiency. When measured…
The concept of ecosystem services and its value to society has been touched upon a number of times in my website. The principles behind this approach were established by the study on the SADC ecosystem services component of the Millennium development goals by Scholes and Biggs. De Groot and others took it onto the global scale in their global study on the value of ESS and its financial implications. Click here for the pdf: Benefits of Forest Ecosystems in Zambia…
Should ecosystems and its services be valued? This question is foremost in the minds of conservationists today with the current debate on rhino horn and ivory and the trading thereof. This Guardian article comes to the conclusion that we have no choice but to so. The emotional approach has failed over the last 25 years and we have to follow a new approach if we are going to win this war. This is however but a small part of the…
As the primary role of conservation authorities is the protection and management of biodiversity, it should also be involved in the identification and transfer of services, benefits and value distribution. This can only done if parks and conservation areas are viewed as a form of land use, that needs to be integrated into regional land use patterns.
This was personally one of the most interesting projects I have ever worked on. The planning for the Makhado Mine for Coal of Africa required a review of the Vhembe Biosphere reserve as well as the Nzhelele catchment basin and their ecosystem services. This review of all the mapped information was placed on a map composition in a sequence that would follow a thin red line of logic in one single map poster. It will require some detailed study by…
Planetary Boundaries The discussion about the impact on the global ecological situation is based on the impact of humans on this earth. When looking at the map of the footprint on Africa the extent of this is very clear. Most of the high land use densities are linked to infrastructure and transport corridors. This is an enormous subject and as a form of land use, conservation is becoming more and more relevant. As a background to the more detailed discussions…
Introduction of the theoretical basis for conservation and ecosystem services as a support model for decisionmaking. Conservation was originally seen as an act of protection for scenic beauty and tourism values. The culling of excess numbers of wildlife was and is still frowned upon. Management was seen as a necessary evil and protected areas became more and more isolated in the changing world. Pressure from immediate surroundings increased the importance of management. Management goals and objectives had to be adjusted…